Why is the equatorial climate hot and wet?

Why is the equatorial climate hot and wet?

Equatorial region consists of the area around the equator which is at 0 degree latitude. Option (A ) hot and wet climate throughout the year is correct as these places, due to being close to the equator, have ample sunshine throughout and grow tropical rainforest.

Why is the equatorial zone so wet?

When air currents from surrounding high-pressure regions blow toward the ITCZ they bring huge amounts of humidity into ITCZ and this wet air rises in ITCZ and forms Cumulonimbus clouds. So, equatorial regions are most humid part of the word.

Why equatorial region is extremely hot?

Why is it hot at the Equator and cold at the poles? Due to the tilt of the Earth, the Equator is closer to the sun so receives more of its energy. The Equator has a smaller surface area so heats up quickly compared to the poles. This means more heat from the sun makes it to the surface of the Earth.

Why are equatorial regions warmest and polar regions coldest?

The amount of solar energy in a given area is greater at the equator than in an equal area at the poles, which is why the equator temperature is warmer than the polar temperatures.

Why does the Sahara get no rain?

Hot, moist air rises into the atmosphere near the Equator. … As it approaches the tropics, the air descends and warms up again. The descending air hinders the formation of clouds, so very little rain falls on the land below. The world’s largest hot desert, the Sahara, is a subtropical desert in northern Africa.

Why does equatorial Africa has a tropical wet climate?

Regions with the equatorial, or tropical wet, type of climate, or variants thereof, are the wettest in Africa. Because areas with an equatorial climate are constantly covered by warm maritime air masses, variations in their monthly and daily temperatures are less pronounced than in the tropical wet-and-dry regions.

What kind of rain falls in the equatorial region?

The convectional rainfall is prevalent in equatorial regions. In these, the warm air rises up and expands then, reaches at a cooler layer and saturates, then condenses mainly in the form of cumulus or cumulonimbus clouds. In the equatorial regions, the precipitation due to convectional rainfall occurs in the afternoon.

Why there is no winter in hot and wet equatorial region?

There is no winter. Cloudiness and heavy precipitation help to moderate the daily temperature, so that even at the equator itself, the climate is not unbearable. In addition, regular land and sea breezes assist in maintaining truly equable climate. The diurnal range of temperature is small, and so is the annual range.

Is the equator the hottest place on earth?

So the concept that the hottest place on earth is around the equator and the coolest is on the poles is wrong. It is hotter in the desert than around the equator because the weather in the desert is very dry so when the temperature rises and it doesn’t rain the temperature will rise even higher ….

Why is the Arctic and Antarctic so cold?

Both the Arctic (North Pole) and the Antarctic (South Pole) are cold because they don’t get any direct sunlight. The Sun is always low on the horizon, even in the middle of summer. In winter, the Sun is so far below the horizon that it doesn’t come up at all for months at a time.

Does it snow in Africa?

Snow is an almost annual occurrence on some of the mountains of South Africa, including those of the Cedarberg and around Ceres in the South-Western Cape, and on the Drakensberg in Natal and Lesotho. Snowfall is also a regular occurrence at Mount Kenya and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania.

Why is half of Africa desert?

The answer lies in the climate of the Arctic and northern high latitudes. However, around 5,500 years ago there was a sudden shift in climate in northern Africa leading to rapid acidification of the area. What was once a tropical, wet, and thriving environment suddenly turned into the desolate desert we see today.

Where is the hot wet equatorial climate located?

THE HOT, WET EQUATORIAL CLIMATE Distribution -Is found between 5° and 10°N and S of the equator. Its greatest extent is found in the lowlands of the Amazon, Congo D. R, Malaysia and the East Indies.

Why are places at or near the equator very hot?

The amount of rays reflected depend on the nature of the surface. Areas with snow reflect back up to 95% of the incoming sunshine. Regions around the equator absorb a lot of sun rays leading to warmer conditions, unlike the polar regions (the Arctic and Antarctica) which reflect a lot of sun rays due to the massive snow.

What happens to the temperature of moist air from the equator?

When the moist air from equator reaches 30° latitude it encounters Coriolis force due to earth’s rotation and starts to descend down. Normally, moist temperature varies by 6 °C per km while dry air varies by 10 °C per km of travel.

Why is there no winter at the equator?

There is no winter. Cloudiness and heavy precipitation help to moderate the daily temperature, so that even at the equator itself, the climate is not unbearable. In addition, regular land and sea breezes assist in maintaining truly equable climate.

Share this post