Table of Contents
- 1 Why does warm water move away from the equator?
- 2 What current carries warm water?
- 3 Why is the East Coast water warmer?
- 4 What are the 4 oceans?
- 5 How does warm ocean water cause the land to be warm and wet?
- 6 Where do the warm currents carry the warm water give reason?
- 7 How old was water on Earth when it first formed?
- 8 How are scientists able to track the origin of water?
Why does warm water move away from the equator?
Because the Earth’s equator is warmed by the most direct rays of the Sun, air at the equator is hotter than air further north or south. This hotter air rises up at the equator and as colder air moves in to take its place, winds begin to blow and push the ocean into waves and currents.
What current carries warm water?
The Gulf Stream
The Gulf Stream is an ocean current that carries warm water up the eastern coast of the United states and Canada and on to western Europe.
Where would you expect to find warm and cold water?
Warmer water masses are found near equatorial regions and colder water masses are found near polar regions. More saline water masses are found in areas where there is a lot of evaporation or in polar areas where ice is formed.
Where do cold ocean currents come from?
The cold currents often form when the air on the subtropical high blows over a cold mass of water, then the cold air is dragged to the equator. Warm currents, on the other hand, are large masses of warm water moving further away from the equator, at higher temperatures.
Why is the East Coast water warmer?
That is true because ocean waters rotate in clockwise fashion. This means Atlantic waters travel to the U.S. East Coast from the south and are relatively warm compared with West Coast Pacific waters that arrive from the north out of the chilly Gulf of Alaska.
What are the 4 oceans?
Historically, there are four named oceans: the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, and Arctic. However, most countries – including the United States – now recognize the Southern (Antarctic) as the fifth ocean. The Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian are the most commonly known.
What warm current keeps Australian?
East Australian Current
The East Australian Current sweeps warm water down the east coast of Australia. Like the Gulf Stream, the East Australia Current is pushed to the western edge of the ocean by the rotation of the Earth.
What is warm ocean water?
Water Temperature of the Sea Equal to or Above 26°C (79°F) For swimming in this is considered very warm and would be enjoyed be all. With this temperature you can stay active in the water for extended periods of time without feeling uncomfortable.
How does warm ocean water cause the land to be warm and wet?
When water molecules are heated, they exchange freely with the air in a process called evaporation. Ocean water is constantly evaporating, increasing the temperature and humidity of the surrounding air to form rain and storms that are then carried by trade winds.
Where do the warm currents carry the warm water give reason?
Answer: Western boundary currents are warm, deep, narrow, and fast flowing currents that form on the west side of ocean basins due to western intensification. They carry warm water from the tropics poleward.
What latitudes do warm ocean currents originate from?
Areas near the equator receive more direct solar radiation than areas near the poles. However, these areas do not constantly get warmer and warmer, because the ocean currents and winds transport the heat from the lower latitudes near the equator to higher latitudes near the poles.
Where does the water on the Earth come from?
Earth’s water is complicated. Via plate tectonics, that water has been supplying the oceans. They studied garnet, and found it could work with another mineral, called ringwoodite, to deliver water to the Earth’s interior – water that would later come up as the mantle material circulated.
How old was water on Earth when it first formed?
A sample of pillow basalt (a type of rock formed during an underwater eruption) was recovered from the Isua Greenstone Belt and provides evidence that water existed on Earth 3.8 billion years ago.
How are scientists able to track the origin of water?
Scientists can track the origin of Earth’s water by looking at the ratio of two isotopes of hydrogen, or versions of hydrogen with a different number of neutrons, that occur in nature. One is ordinary hydrogen, which has just a proton in the nucleus, and the other is deuterium, also known as “heavy” hydrogen, which has a proton and a neutron.
How does the formation of water take place?
Of course, the formation of hydrogen and oxygen molecules and the subsequent formation of water are two different things. That’s because even when hydrogen and oxygen molecules mix, they still need a spark of energy to form water. The process is a violent one, and so far nobody has found a way to safely create water on Earth.