Why do areas closer to the equator have warmer than areas farther away?

Why do areas closer to the equator have warmer than areas farther away?

Different parts of Earth’s surface receive different amounts of sunlight. The sun’s rays strike Earth’s surface most directly at the equator. This focuses the rays on a small area. Because the rays hit more directly, the area is heated more.

Why has the equatorial region the hottest climate?

If we look at the shape of the earth, the earth is bulging and widest at the equator. Thus the equatorial region received the direct rays of the sun when the sun is overhead unlike the polar regions which receives the slanting rays of the sun. Thus the equatorial region is the hottest on the earth.

Are the warmest climates located near the equator?

There are different types of climate all over the world. Warmer ones are closer to the equator where the Sun’s heat is stronger. Tropical climates are found near the equator. They are warm and humid and experience a lot of rainfall, particularly during their wet season, which can occur once or twice each year.

Why is the climate colder the further you get from the equator?

Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. In areas closer to the poles, sunlight has a larger area of atmosphere to pass through and the sun is at a lower angle in the sky.

Why is the sun hotter in different countries?

The effect is that the area that directly receives light rays over a small area is likely to be hotter than the surface that receives light “indirectly” over a large area. The area that receives direct light rays is the equator while the other surface that receives light rays “indirectly” is the polar region.

What is the temperature of the equator?

Average annual temperatures in equatorial lowlands are around 31 °C (88 °F) during the afternoon and 23 °C (73 °F) around sunrise. Rainfall is very high away from cold ocean current upwelling zones, from 2,500 to 3,500 mm (100 to 140 in) per year.

What causes hot and wet in the equatorial region?

What are the reasons for the equatorial climate? Trade winds are caused by the Sun heating the equator more than the North and South Poles. When the Sun heats land and ocean around the equator, warm, moist air rises creating clouds, storms and rain. The air loses heat and moisture through rainfall.

How is the climate near the equator?

The countries located closer to the Equator have an Equatorial type of climate or Tropical rainforest climate. The Equatorial climate is usually hot, very humid, and wet. The atmospheric pressure is low in an equatorial climate. Due to the Intertropical Convergence Zone, equatorial regions get heavy rainfall.

What are the countries near the equator?

The Equator passes through 13 countries: Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Sao Tome & Principe, Gabon, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, Maldives, Indonesia and Kiribati. At least half of these countries rank among the poorest in the world.

How does equator affect climate?

Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. This means that coastal locations tend to be cooler in summer and warmer in winter than places inland at the same latitude and altitude.

Are the tropics hotter than the equator?

This warm air unloads almost all of its moisture in the clouds above equatorial regions, but still continues to move higher up. Therefore, air temperature in the tropics (42 degrees Celsius) is greater than that of the Equator (30 degrees Celsius). This is why tropical regions are hotter than the Equator.

Is the equator the hottest place?

So the concept that the hottest place on earth is around the equator and the coolest is on the poles is wrong. It is hotter in the desert than around the equator because the weather in the desert is very dry so when the temperature rises and it doesn’t rain the temperature will rise even higher ….

Is the weather warm or cool near the equator why?

Weather is caused by the uneven heating of Earth’s surface. Areas near the equator receive more energy from the Sun than areas near the poles. Warm air near the equator rises, causing cooler air to rush in to fill the space.

Why are countries near equator the warmest?

Most countries intersected by the equator experience much warmer temperatures year-round than the rest of the world despite shared elevations. This is due to the equator’s near-constant exposure to sunlight all year long.

Why is it moist and warm near the equator?

Due to intense solar heating near the equator, the warm, moist air is forced up into the atmosphere like a hot air balloon. As the air rises, it cools, causing persistent bands of showers and storms around the Earth’s midsection.

Why is the air near the equator very warm?

The Sun doesn’t heat the whole Earth evenly. That’s why areas near the equator are hot and areas near the poles are cold. So when Earth’s warmer air masses meet cooler air masses, the warmer air rises up higher in the atmosphere while cooler air sinks down to replace the warm air. This movement creates an air current, or wind.

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