Where is the longest coral reef?

Where is the longest coral reef?

the Great Barrier Reef
Stretching for 1,429 miles over an area of approximately 133,000 square miles , the Great Barrier Reef is the largest coral reef system in the world. The reef is located off the coast of Queensland, Australia, in the Coral Sea.

Why is it called the Great Barrier Reef?

The reef is called the ‘Barrier’ Reef because it is an outer reef, situated along the Australian continental shelf with the channel between the coastline and the reef reaching a depth of about 60m. The other type of reef is a ‘Fringe’ reef, which is situated along the coastline of land and islands.

What is the name of the long chain of coral reefs and where is it located in Australia?

The Great Barrier Reef is a chain of coral reefs about 2,300 km long, skirting the continental shelf off the coast of Queensland, Australia, stretching from just south of the Tropic of Capricorn, towards the coastal waters of Papua New Guinea.

What is the Florida coral reef called?

the Great Florida Reef
The Florida Reef (also known as the Great Florida Reef, Florida reefs, Florida Reef Tract and Florida Keys Reef Tract) is the only living coral barrier reef in the continental United States. It is the third largest coral barrier reef system in the world (after the Great Barrier Reef and Belize Barrier Reef).

Where is the coral reef located?

Coral reefs are located in tropical oceans near the equator. The largest coral reef is the Great Barrier Reef in Australia. The second largest coral reef can be found off the coast of Belize, in Central America. Other reefs are found in Hawaii, the Red Sea, and other areas in tropical oceans.

Where is the third largest coral reef in the world?

Florida Keys Reef Tract
The Florida Keys Reef Tract is the third largest living coral barrier reef system in the world behind the Great Barrier Reef in Australia and the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System off the coasts of Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, and Honduras.

Is the Great Barrier Reef the oldest reef in the world?

The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA) considers the earliest evidence of complete reef structures to have been 600,000 years ago.

Which is the largest coral reef in India?

The Andaman and Nicobar islands have fringing reefs and a 320 km long barrier reef on the west coast. The Lakshadweep Islands are made up of atolls. Figure 1 shows the distribution of coral reefs in India….

Locality Genera species
Tuticorin 19 21
Andaman Islands 31 82
Nicobar Islands 43 103
Total for India* 37 199

Is there coral in Hawaii?

Hawaii’s eight main islands are surrounded by 410,000 acres of live coral reefs, sometimes called the rainforest of the sea, the Coral Reef Outreach Network says. Because of the area’s isolated location, many marine species are found nowhere else in the world.

What is the second largest coral reef in the world?

Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System
Manama, Bahrain, 26 June 2018 (IUCN) – The Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System – the world’s second largest coral reef system after the Great Barrier Reef – has come off the List of World Heritage in Danger, following the advice of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Where is the best coral reef in the world?

Best Coral Reefs in the World – Top 5

  1. Raja Ampat, Indonesia. Raja Ampat is located at the intersection of the Indian and Pacific Ocean, right in the heart of the prestigious Coral Triangle.
  2. Solomon Islands.
  3. Papua New Guinea.
  4. FIJI.
  5. Red sea.

Where coral reefs are found in India?

The major reef formations in India are restricted to the Gulf of Mannar, Palk bay, Gulf of Kutch, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Lakshadweep islands. While the Lakshadweep reefs are atolls, the others are all fringing reefs. Patchy coral is present in the inter-tidal areas of the central west coast of the country.

Which is the largest coral reef in the world?

Nearly all of the world’s coral reefs, particularly the largest reefs, are located in the tropics. As you will read, the Great Barrier Reef is the largest in the world by both length and area. What Is a Coral Reef? A coral reef is a submerged oceanic structure made of many different polyps.

When did coral reefs appear in the fossil record?

Appearing as solitary forms in the fossil record more than 400 million years ago, corals are extremely ancient animals that evolved into modern reef-building forms over the last 25 million years.

Why are coral reefs called the rainforest of the sea?

Unlike sea anemones, corals secrete hard carbonate exoskeletons that support and protect the coral. Most reefs grow best in warm, shallow, clear, sunny and agitated water. Often called “rainforests of the sea”, shallow coral reefs form some of Earth’s most diverse ecosystems.

Where are the coral reefs in the Atlantic Ocean?

A third reef system in Bahia extends along the coastline from Cabralia to Porto-Seguro. The Fernando de Noronha coral reef surrounds a chain of 21 islands that is the only one of its kind in the southern part of the Atlantic Ocean.

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