Table of Contents
What music did the Chumash play?
For the most part, the Chumash were drawn to the music of the Spanish newcomers. For the first few years after the founding of Mission Santa Barbara in 1786, singing was performed by the congregation rather than any formal choir or musical group.
What did the Chumash use for entertainment?
They played contests and played games at special ceremonies. The Chumash Indians liked to play games. They played games and had contests at festivals and on special occasions.
What are the Chumash known for?
In addition to the plank canoe, the Chumash are known for their fine basketry, their mysterious cave paintings and their bead money made from shells. Today, there are still many people who can trace their ancestry back to these historic Chumash communities.
What did the Chumash do daily?
Their livelihood was based largely on the sea, and they used over a hundred kinds of fish and gathered clams, mussels and abalone. The Chumash ate many kinds of wild plants and traded some among themselves. They also hunted both small and large animals for food.
How did the Chumash get to California?
In 1769, a Spanish land expedition led by Gaspar de Portola left Baja California and reached the Santa Barbara Channel. In short order, five Spanish missions were established in Chumash territory. The Chumash population was all but decimated, due largely to the introduction of European diseases.
What music did the Pomo tribe listen to?
The Pomo Indians of Northern California have traditionally sung lullabies, as well as hunting and religious songs. For the Cahuilla people of Palm Springs, bird songs tell stories of their origin, journey and return home.
What did the Pawnee do for fun?
They do the same things all children do–play with each other, go to school and help around the house. Many Pawnee children like to go hunting and fishing with their fathers. In the past, Indian kids had more chores and less time to play in their daily lives, just like colonial children.
Where are the Chumash today?
The Chumash are a Native American people of the central and southern coastal regions of California, in portions of what is now San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Ventura and Los Angeles counties, extending from Morro Bay in the north to Malibu in the south.
What happened to the Chumash tribe?
Many Chumash were forced to live and work on missions. They and other tribes throughout California became part of a group known as the Mission Indians. Their traditional names were often replaced with the name of the mission they worked on.
What language did the Chumash speak?
Chumash, any of several related North American Indian groups speaking a Hokan language. They originally lived in what are now the California coastlands and adjacent inland areas from Malibu northward to Estero Bay, and on the three northern Channel Islands off Santa Barbara.
What did Chumash children?
Many Chumash children like to go hunting and fishing with their fathers. In the past, Indian kids had more chores and less time to play in their daily lives, just like colonial children. But they did have dolls, toys, and games to play. Chumash kids also enjoyed swimming on the beaches.
What happened to the Mission Indians?
Many were converted; many died of European diseases to which they had no immunity; and many became dependent upon the missions for subsistence and shelter. When the authority of the missions was officially ended by the Mexican government in 1834, many of the tribes were left adrift.