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What is the name of the building in Athens?

What is the name of the building in Athens?

The Acropolis of Athens
The Acropolis of Athens is an ancient citadel located on a rocky outcrop above the city of Athens and contains the remains of several ancient buildings of great architectural and historical significance, the most famous being the Parthenon….Acropolis of Athens.

UNESCO World Heritage Site
Reference 404
Area 3.04 ha
Buffer zone 116.71 ha

What were government buildings called in ancient Greece?

The temples and government buildings were often built on the top of a hill, or acropolis. A surviving example of a structure central to an ancient acropolis is the famous Parthenon of Athens. The Parthenon was a temple built to honor the goddess Athena.

What are the names of famous buildings from Athens?

Athens famous buildings: the most characteristic of the city

  • # The Acropolis. The Acropolis is definitely the most famous building in Athens.
  • # The Greek Parliament.
  • # The Neoclassical trilogy.
  • # The Temple of Zeus.
  • # Temple of Poseidon at Sounion.

What other buildings was the Acropolis home to?

The structures that survive consist of the Propylaea, the gateway to the sacred precinct; the Parthenon, the chief shrine to Athena and also the treasury of the Delian League; the Erechtheum, a shrine to the agricultural deities, especially Erichthonius; and the Temple of Athena Nike, an architectural symbol of the …

What is the building in the middle of Athens?

Situated in the center of ancient Athens, the Acropolis is a hill containing ancient monuments and fortifications.

What kind of buildings were in Sparta?

The three primary pieces of architecture in Sparta included the Menelaion, which was built around 700 BCE and was a monument to Menelaus and Helen; the Amyklaion, which was built in Sparta’s Golden Age and was considered the most beautiful and important temple in Lacedaemon; and the sanctuary of Artemis Orthia, which …

What are the three types of Greek architecture?

At the start of what is now known as the Classical period of architecture, ancient Greek architecture developed into three distinct orders: the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian orders.

What are 3 famous pieces of Greek architecture?

Many of these buildings – the Parthenon, the Caryatid porch of the Erechtheion, the volute of an Ionic capital to name just three – have become the instantly recognisable and iconic symbols of ancient Greece.

What was the Athens architecture?

The Parthenon is the centrepiece of a 5th-century-BCE building campaign on the Acropolis in Athens. Constructed during the High Classical period, it is generally considered to be the culmination of the development of the Doric order, the simplest of the three Classical Greek architectural orders.

What was the name of the place that was the center of commerce and government in Athens?

The agora
The agora was the center of commerce and government for ancient Athens. It had a large open area for meetings which was surrounded by buildings. Many of the buildings were temples, including temples built to Zeus, Hephaestus, and Apollo.

Who built Acropolis of Athens?

Determined to bring the Acropolis to a level of splendor not seen before, Pericles initiated a massive building project that lasted 50 years. Under his direction, two well-known architects, Callicrates and Ictinus, and renowned sculptor Phidias helped plan and execute the Pericles’ plan.

What are 3 of the buildings on the Acropolis that were put up as part of this program?

Among the buildings that would be constructed was the Propylaea (a new entrance building), a sanctuary to Athena Nike, a temple called the Erechtheion and of course, the Parthenon, an iconic temple dedicated to Athena, whose name means “the house [or temple] of the virgin goddess.”

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