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# What is the difference between exogenous and endogenous variables?

## What is the difference between exogenous and endogenous variables?

In an economic model, an exogenous variable is one whose value is determined outside the model and is imposed on the model, and an exogenous change is a change in an exogenous variable. In contrast, an endogenous variable is a variable whose value is determined by the model.

What is an exogenous variable example?

An exogenous variable is a variable that is not affected by other variables in the system. For example, take a simple causal system like farming. Variables like weather, farmer skill, pests, and availability of seed are all exogenous to crop production.

What is the difference between exogenous and independent variables?

An independent variable is defined within the context of a dependent variable. In the context of a model the independent variables are input whereas the dependent variables are the targets (Input vs Output). An exogenous variable is a variable whose state is independent of the state of other variables in a system.

### What is exogenous variable in research?

An exogenous variable is a factor in causal modeling or causal system whose value is independent from the states of other variables in the system; that is, it is a factor whose value is determined by factors or variables outside the causal system under study.

What’s the difference between endogenous and exogenous variables?

1. Endogenous variables: Variables that are explained by other variables within a model. 2. Exogenous variables: Variables that are not explained by other variables within a model. When using regression models, researchers are often interested in understanding the relationship between one or more explanatory variables and a response variable.

When to use exogenous and predetermined variables in GMM?

In general, the status of x -exogenous, predetermined, endogenous- has implications on the list of instruments you use in your GMM analysis. Your decision should be driven by economic theory. A variable x would be exogeneous, if there is no feedback from the endogenous variable y on x.

## Which is an example of a predetermined variable?

This is a weaker restriction than strict exogeneity, which requires the variable to be uncorrelated with past, present, and future shocks. A common example of a predetermined variable is consumption in models with credit constraints and rational expectations. Here, consumption is predetermined but not strictly exogenous.

How does an exogenous variable affect an economic model?

Exogenous variables are outside of normal economics, which can effect the economic model though the model does not effect it. Economic models are often very complicated, and one of the ways that researchers break them down is to identify and name all of the different pieces. Most models have to do with money.