What is an example of a microbial contaminant?

What is an example of a microbial contaminant?

Bacteria such as Acinetobacter spp, Pseudomonas putida, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Enterobacter spp., and Klebsiella spp. Gram-negative bacteria are found to be the common microbial contaminant in nonsterile pharmaceutical samples regardless of geographical location or time [8].

What is microbial spoilage in microbiology?

MICROBIAL SPOILAGE: This refers to damage to food, pharmaceutical products that is caused by micro organisms (bacteria, moulds and yeasts). Micro organisms can grow in almost all kinds of food products. As micro-organisms occur everywhere around us, there is always a risk of microbial spoilage.

What is microbiological contamination of food?

Microbiological contamination refers to the non-intended or accidental introduction of infectious material like bacteria, yeast, mould, fungi, virus, prions, protozoa or their toxins and by-products.

What are 4 sources of biological contamination?

Biological Contamination

  • Dust.
  • Raw meat.
  • The air.
  • The human body.
  • Pets and pests.
  • Kitchen clothes.

What is microbial spoilage and its type?

Microbial spoilage includes the contamination of pharmaceutical products with the microbes which leads to spoilage of the products affecting Drug safety and quality, and it not intended for use. • Shortly defined as deterioteration of pharmaceutical products by the contaminant microbes.

What is microbial preservation definition?

Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology Preservation is the process wherein the microbial growth is minimized or prevented. Preservation is the process of inhibiting or minimizing preferably during the storage and multi-dose application the risk of microbial contamination of pharmaceutical products.

What makes a process susceptible to microbial contamination?

Of particular importance in this evaluation for the potential for microbial contamination of the process are cleaning steps, equipment hold times, HVAC, control level of environments for critical tasks, open-system vs closed-system operations, and bioburden monitoring (among others specific to your process).

Which is an example of a biological contamination?

BIOLOGICAL CONTAMINATION Biological contamination occurs when food becomes contaminated by living organisms or the substances they produce. This includes biological matter produced by humans, rodents, insects and microorganisms.

What kind of illness is caused by food contamination?

Food-borne illness and its business-destroying cousin, a food-borne illness outbreak, are caused by food contamination. Food contamination refers to when something gets into food that shouldn’t be there, thereby making the food unsafe to eat.

What is the definition of cross contamination in food?

Cross-contamination is the accidental transfer of contaminants from one surface or substance to another, usually as a result of improper handling procedures. In a food setting, the term refers to the transfer of contaminants from a surface, object or person to food.

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