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What in a molecule influences the way that molecule reacts?

What in a molecule influences the way that molecule reacts?

Chemists often find that the reactivity of a molecule is affected by the degree of substitution of a carbon that is bonded to a functional group. These carbons are designated as primary, secondary, or tertiary.

What is the reactivity of an organic molecule dependent on?

hydroxyl group
The reactivity of the organic molecule is primarily dependent upon the attached functional group such as a hydroxyl group. Chemical properties are also linked with the type of functional group that is present.

How do functional groups affect reactivity?

Functional groups play a significant role in directing and controlling organic reactions. Alkyl chains are often nonreactive, and the direction of site-specific reactions is difficult; unsaturated alkyl chains with the presence of functional groups allow for higher reactivity and specificity.

What is the name of the part of organic molecule which undergoes change as a result of reaction deciding functions of organic molecules?

Reactant or Substrate: The organic compound undergoing change in a chemical reaction. Other compounds may also be involved, and common reactive partners ( reagents ) may be identified. The reactant is often ( but not always ) the larger and more complex molecule in the reacting system.

What makes a molecule reactive?

The number of electrons in the outermost shell of an atom determines its reactivity. Noble gases have low reactivity because they have full electron shells. Halogens are highly reactive because they readily gain an electron to fill their outermost shell.

How do you know if a molecule is reactive?

What is reactivity in organic chemistry?

In chemistry, reactivity is the impetus for which a chemical substance undergoes a chemical reaction, either by itself or with other materials, with an overall release of energy.

How do you determine the reactivity of a molecule?

Does the size of the molecule influence the reactivity of the functional group?

Yes, and the effect is huge. There are mainly two effects: electronic stabilisation of intermediates and steric hindrance . This is very helpful.

How functional groups affect organic molecules?

Functional groups are important in chemistry because they are the portion of a molecule that is capable of characteristic reactions. They, therefore, determine the properties and chemistry of many organic compounds. A functional group gives an organic compound a property that is different than it would otherwise have.

What is a substrate organic chemistry?

Substrate: The starting material (other than enzyme or coenzyme) for an enzymatic chemical reaction.

How do you determine if a molecule is stable or unstable?

Rules for estimating stability of resonance structures

  1. The greater the number of covalent bonds, the greater the stability since more atoms will have complete octets.
  2. The structure with the least number of formal charges is more stable.
  3. The structure with the least separation of formal charge is more stable.

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