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What does the phloem do in photosynthesis?

What does the phloem do in photosynthesis?

The phloem moves food substances that the plant has produced by photosynthesis to where they are needed for processes such as: storage organs such as bulbs and tubers.

What does phloem transport and how does it relate to photosynthesis?

Phloem transports carbohydrates, produced by photosynthesis and hydrolysis of reserve compounds, to sink tissues for growth, respiration and storage. At photosynthetic tissues, carbohydrates are loaded into phloem (Rennie and Turgeon 2009), a process that raises the solute concentration.

Does phloem transport products of photosynthesis?

The phloem is the means by which the products of photosynthesis are transported to non-photosynthetic parts of the plant, such as the roots, and to developing leaves, nectaries, fruits and seeds (Baker and Milburn, 1989).

What is the function of the phloem?

While the main role of the phloem tissue is to transport carbohydrates from sources to sinks through the sieve elements, phloem is also composed of parenchyma cells, which play a key role in the storage of water, non-structural carbohydrates and storage proteins (Rosell 2016).

What does the phloem do in a leaf?

The phloem carries food downward from the leaves to the roots. Xylem cells constitute the major part of a mature woody stem or root. They are stacked end to end in the center of the plant, forming a vertical column that conducts water and minerals absorbed by the roots upward through the stem to the leaves.

How does the phloem transport sugars?

The mechanism by which sugars are transported through the phloem, from sources to sinks, is called pressure flow. Water follows the sugar molecules into the sieve elements through osmosis (since water passively diffuses into regions of higher solute concentration).

What does phloem transport in plants?

Plants have tissues to transport water, nutrients and minerals. Xylem transports water and mineral salts from the roots up to other parts of the plant, while phloem transports sucrose and amino acids between the leaves and other parts of the plant.

How does the structure of phloem relate to its function?

The cells that make up the phloem are adapted to their function: Each sieve tube has a perforated end so its cytoplasm connects one cell to the next. Companion cells – transport of substances in the phloem requires energy. One or more companion cells attached to each sieve tube provide this energy.

What does the phloem transport in plants?

What are the components of phloem briefly describe its role in plants?

phloem, also called bast, tissues in plants that conduct foods made in the leaves to all other parts of the plant. Phloem is composed of various specialized cells called sieve tubes, companion cells, phloem fibres, and phloem parenchyma cells.

Whats the process of photosynthesis?

photosynthesis, the process by which green plants and certain other organisms transform light energy into chemical energy. During photosynthesis in green plants, light energy is captured and used to convert water, carbon dioxide, and minerals into oxygen and energy-rich organic compounds.

How are xylem and phloem adapted to their functions?

The cells that make up the xylem are adapted to their function: They lose their end walls so the xylem forms a continuous, hollow tube. They become strengthened by a substance called lignin . Lignin gives strength and support to the plant.

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