Table of Contents
What do basidia do?
basidium, in fungi (kingdom Fungi), the organ in the members of the phylum Basidiomycota (q.v.) that bears sexually reproduced bodies called basidiospores. The basidium serves as the site of karyogamy and meiosis, functions by which sex cells fuse, exchange nuclear material, and divide to reproduce basidiospores.
Are Blastospores asexual?
Type of spores: A blastospore is a nonmotile, asexual spore characteristic of fungi classified in phylum Glomeromycota. An ascospore is a spore produced in the ascus.
What is basidia in biology?
A basidium (pl., basidia) is a microscopic sporangium (or spore-producing structure) found on the hymenophore of fruiting bodies of basidiomycete fungi which are also called tertiary mycelium, developed from secondary mycelium. The presence of basidia is one of the main characteristic features of the Basidiomycota.
Where are basidia found?
The basidia, which are the reproductive organs of these fungi, are often contained within the familiar mushroom, commonly seen in fields after rain, on the supermarket shelves, and growing on your lawn. The fruiting bodies of a basidiomycete form a ring in a meadow, commonly called “fairy ring” (Figure 1).
What is a Zygomycete fungus fruiting body called?
During sexual reproduction, thousands of asci fill a fruiting body called the ascocarp. The diploid nucleus gives rise to haploid nuclei by meiosis. The ascospores are then released, germinate, and form hyphae that are disseminated in the environment and start new mycelia.
What are Basidiomycetes commonly known as?
– Basidiomycetes is the class of fungi that are commonly known as club fungi due to the presence of club shaped basidiospores that are sexual spores. – Examples include Agaricus( mushroom),Ustilago(smut),Puccinia(rust),bracket fungi(puffballs).
What do Blastospores do?
Blastospores (Fig 11.8(a), (c)) are vegetative cells by which the Ascomycetes proliferate through the body of an infected insect (Vestergaard et al., 1999), which could be considered a six-legged liquid fermentation vessel. Their growth is yeast-like, but it is not the true budding of yeasts.
What is Annelloconidia?
annelloconidia) A conidium produced by an annellide. Apophysis. A swelling. The term is primarily applied to the funnel-shaped swelling of a sporangiophore, immediately below the columella, seen in some zygomycetes.
What is Holobasidia?
Definition of holobasidium : a nonseptate unicellular basidium characteristic of the basidiomycetes. — called also autobasidium, homobasidium.
What are basidia quizlet?
what’s a basidium? a microscopic, spore-producing structure found on the hymenophore of fruiting bodies of basidiomycete fungi. The presence of basidia is one of the main characteristic features of the Basidiomycota.
What does basidia look like?
A typical basidium is a club-shaped structure, usually with four prongs at one end. Each such prong is called a sterigma (with sterigmata the plural form) and the spores develop at the tips of the sterigmata. Here is a stylized drawing of a basidium, shown in green, with four brown spores.
Do Zygomycetes move?
Transmission can be done by wet or dry. That means they have the ability to use both air currents and water droplets. Other methods include mechanical transport, such as movement while settled on the fur of animals. Spores from Zygomycetes are often quite large so they settle on surfaces quite easily.