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What did they eat at the missions?
The missions raised sheep, pigs, chickens, and cows, which provided milk and cheese. There are also reports of a variety of crops being grown at the missions, including maize, wheat, barley, beans, olives, grapes, peaches, figs, pomegranates, citrus, squash, melons, potatoes, onions, and cabbages.
Mission San Buenaventura was founded by Roman Catholic priest Junípero Serra on March 31, 1782. It was the last mission established by Serra. The Chumash were the Native Americans who lived in the area. They helped build a system of aqueducts.
How the Chumash get their food?
The most important food for the Chumash was the acorn, which they gathered from the live oak trees. Those who lived along the coast also depended on sea food. They ate many ocean fish (shark, sea bass, halibut, bonito) as well as mussels, barnacles, and clams. Abalone was a main food on the islands.
What food did Mission Santa Cruz eat?
Crops had wheat, corn, peas, barley, lentils, and beans in them. The missions sharpened the taste of their food with chilies. Missionaries also eat bunelos, pumpkin cakes, and iced Mexican chocolate.
What did the Spanish mission eat?
The primary crop was wheat, in addition to significant amounts of corn, beans, barley, and peas. As the mission’s water system developed, more sophisticated irrigation techniques were possible, making for increased agricultural yields. As time passed, the variety of foodstuffs grown locally increased.
What kind of crops were grown in Mission San Jose?
In the mission orchards thus were found oranges, lemons, figs, and olives. Grapes were grown successfully, as were apples, walnuts, pecans, plums, quinces, apricots, peaches, and pears.
The soil around Mission San Buenaventura was very good so the mission could grow many crops. San Buenaventura grew apples, grapes, bananas, pears, plums, pomegranates, figs, oranges, coconuts, beans, grain, corn and barley. In the year of 1818, 12,483 bushels of grain were harvested.
Today’s stone masonry church was half completed by 1795, but it took until 1809 to finish it, and it was dedicated on September 9, 1809. Mission San Buenaventura’s walls are six and a half feet thick.
What was the staple diet of the Chumash in California?
The Chumash territory provided abundant food sources. Like many other California Indians, the acorn was a staple food. Other plant foods in the Chumash diet included berries, roots, and nuts. Depending on where they lived in the territory, they ate deer, rabbits, fish, or other sea creatures.
How did Chumash fish?
The Chumash hunted the land animals using a “throwing stick” which was used to kill or stun the animals and could also be used on fish, a “Self Bow, made of Toyon wood, deer buckskin handle wrap”, and a “Dart, with stone tipped fore shaft socketed into the fletched dart.” They killed the sea animals with a 8-9 foot …
What crops were grown at the Santa Cruz Mission?
The major field crops at the missions were wheat, barley, corn, beans, and peas. These crops had to be watered, so irrigation systems were devised by the padres.
What crops did Mission Santa Cruz grow?
In 1796, Santa Cruz Mission produced 1,200 bushels of grain, 600 bushels of corn, and 6 bushels of beans. They planted vineyards and raised cattle and sheep. Their property extended from Ano Nuevo south to the Pajaro River. Native workers made cloth, leather, adobe bricks, roof tiles, and worked as blacksmiths.