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What caused the Peloponnesian War quizlet?

What caused the Peloponnesian War quizlet?

What caused the Peloponnesian War? Greece was not big enough for the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League to be in control. Each league was fighting for allegiance with the city-states.

What caused the Peloponnesian War and why did the Athenians loss?

In 430 BC, an outbreak of a plague hit Athens. The plague ravaged the densely packed city, and in the long run, was a significant cause of its final defeat. The plague wiped out over 30,000 citizens, sailors and soldiers, including Pericles and his sons. Roughly one-third to two-thirds of the Athenian population died.

What was the main effect of the Peloponnesian War?

Impact of the Peloponnesian War The Peloponnesian War marked the end of the Golden Age of Greece, a change in styles of warfare and the fall of Athens, once the strongest city-state in Greece. The balance in power in Greece was shifted when Athens was absorbed into the Spartan Empire.

Who started the Peloponnesian War?

Sparta and its allies accused Athens of aggression and threatened war. On the advice of Pericles, its most influential leader, Athens refused to back down. Diplomatic efforts to resolve the dispute failed. Finally, in the spring of 431, a Spartan ally, Thebes, attacked an Athenian ally, Plataea, and open war began.

Who led the Peloponnesian League *?

The Peloponnesian War, fought in the fifth century B. C between the city-states of Greece, lasted twenty seven years. The warring factions were the the dominant Greek city-state Athens, supported by its imperial allies, and Sparta which led the Peloponnesian League.

What did Sparta gain from the Peloponnesian War?

Sparta. As a result of the Peloponnesian War, Sparta, which had primarily been a continental culture, became a naval power. At its peak, Sparta overpowered many key Greek states, including the elite Athenian navy.

What was the main reason that Athens and Sparta fought the Peloponnesian War?

The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes, which Sparta always opposed. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.

What led to the start of the Persian Wars quizlet?

The Persian wars against Greece were caused because the Darius, the Persian king, wanted to expand their empire. The wars took place in the early 5th century B.C. but the first attack was around 490 B.C. but the Persians lost. King Darius was humiliated and wanted to continue on which caused the series of wars.

How did the Peloponnesian War contribute to the expansion of Macedonia?

How did the Peloponnesian War contribute to the expansion of Macedonia? The Greeks were weak from fighting the Peloponnesian War so Phillip of Macedonia was able to easily conquer them. Alexander hoped that Greek ideas, customs, and traditions would blend with the diverse cultures of the people he had conquered.

How did the first Peloponnesian war start?

The First Peloponnesian War began in 460 BC with the Battle of Oenoe, where Spartan forces were defeated by those of Athenian-Argive alliance. The Athenians were defeated in 454 BC by the Persians in Egypt which caused them to enter into a five years’ truce with Sparta.

When did Peloponnesian war start?

431 BC
Peloponnesian War/Start dates

What was the purpose of the Peloponnesian League?

The League was founded so that Sparta might protect itself against both a possible uprising of Sparta’s helots and regional rival Argos. Thucydides in his History of the Peloponnesian War describes the workings of the League. Members sent delegates to meetings where each city held one vote.

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