What are the 3 types of meningitis?

What are the 3 types of meningitis?

The three types of meningitis are viral meningitis, fungal meningitis, and bacterial meningitis. The meninges are membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis occurs when these membranes become inflamed, potentially causing serious complications for the nervous system.

What are the 5 types of meningitis?

There are actually five types of meningitis — bacterial, viral, parasitic, fungal, and non-infectious — each classified by the cause of the disease.

What is the scientific name for viral meningitis?

Neurology. Viral meningitis, also known as aseptic meningitis, is a type of meningitis due to a viral infection. It results in inflammation of the meninges (the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord). Symptoms commonly include headache, fever, sensitivity to light and neck stiffness.

Is meningitis and meningococcal the same?

What is the difference between meningococcal disease and meningitis? While meningococcal disease and meningitis are related, they are not the same thing. Meningitis refers to an inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord.

Is meningitis the same as sepsis?

Sepsis is an overwhelming and life-threatening response to infection that can lead to tissue damage, organ failure and death. Meningitis is when infection reaches the lining around the brain and spinal cord (the meninges) which can cause dangerous swelling.

Which type of meningitis is most common?

Viral meningitis (when meningitis is caused by a virus) is the most common type of meningitis. Most people get better on their own without treatment.

What are the two main types of meningitis?

Viral meningitis is the most common type of meningitis, followed by bacterial meningitis. Rarer types of meningitis include chemical and fungal meningitis. The most common types of bacterial meningitis are meningococcal, pneumococcal, TB, group B streptococcal and E. coli.

What are the two types of meningitis?

Types of meningitis

  • Viral meningitis. Viral meningitis is the most common type of meningitis.
  • Bacterial meningitis. Bacterial meningitis is contagious and caused by infection from certain bacteria.
  • Fungal meningitis. Fungal meningitis is a rare type of meningitis.
  • Parasitic meningitis.
  • Non-infectious meningitis.

What’s the difference between bacterial meningitis and viral meningitis?

Meningitis is an infection of the tissues covering the brain and spinal cord (meninges). Viral meningitis is an infection caused by viruses and bacterial meningitis is an infection caused by bacteria.

Which is worse meningitis or meningococcal?

Bacterial meningococcal disease, including meningococcal meningitis, usually has a more sudden onset and is a more severe illness than viral meningitis. There is a vaccine for meningococcal disease, including meningitis, which covers about 80 percent of meningococcal infections.

How do u catch meningitis?

Common bacteria or viruses that can cause meningitis can spread through coughing, sneezing, kissing, or sharing eating utensils, a toothbrush or a cigarette. These steps can help prevent meningitis: Wash your hands. Careful hand-washing helps prevent the spread of germs.

What virus can cause meningitis?

Several different viruses and bacteria can cause meningitis, including:

  • meningococcal bacteria – there are several different types, called A, B, C, W, X, Y and Z.
  • pneumococcal bacteria.
  • Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) bacteria.
  • enteroviruses – viruses that usually only cause a mild stomach infection.
  • the mumps virus.

What is the best medicine for meningitis?

Penicillin is the drug of choice for the treatment of meningococcal meningitis and septicemia. Chemoprophylactic antimicrobials most commonly used to eradicate meningococci include rifampin, quinolones (eg, ciprofloxacin), ceftriaxone.

What is the name of the organism that causes meningitis?

Meningitis describes inflammation of the meninges, the layers of membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. Viruses, fungi, bacteria, and other rare causes can lead to meningitis. Streptococcus, Neisseria, Listeria, and Haemophilus are common bacterial causes of meningitis.

Which is a more common form of meningitis?

Bacterial meningitis is the most common form of meningitis. Approximately 80% of all meningitis associated cases are bacterial, the disease is the critical reason for increasing morbidity rates in young children under the age group of one year.

What antibiotics are used for meningitis?

Penicillin and cefotaxime are two of the antibiotics most frequently used to treat meningitis. But some bacteria (particularly Streptococcus pneumoniae) are becoming increasingly resistant to penicillin.

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