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What are Nonylphenols used for?

What are Nonylphenols used for?

Nonylphenol is used in manufacturing antioxidants, lubricating oil additives, laundry and dish detergents, emulsifiers, and solubilizers.

What is Isononyl alcohol used for?

Its value is to the plasticiser market as a precursor to Diisononyl Phthalate (DINP), Diisononyl Adipate (DINA), and Triisononyl Trimellitate (TINTM). Primarily used in the PVC market, products made from INA can be found in automotive parts, electrical wires, cables, conducting materials and numerous other products.

Where are nonylphenol ethoxylates found?

NP’s main use is in the manufacture of NPEs. NP and NPEs have been found in environmental samples taken from freshwater, saltwater, groundwater, sediment, soil and aquatic biota. NP has also been detected in human breast milk, blood, and urine and is associated with reproductive and developmental effects in rodents.

Is nonylphenol toxic?

Nonylphenol is a toxic xenobiotic compound classified as an endocrine disrupter capable of interfering with the hormonal system of numerous organisms. Nonylphenol ethoxylates reach sewage treatment works in substantial quantities where they biodegrade into several by-products including nonylphenol.

What is nonyl phenol ethoxylate?

NP/NPEs, also known as nonylphenols and nonylphenol ethoxylates, are nonionic surfactants, or detergent-like substances, with uses that lead to widespread release into aquatic environments. NP/NPEs are highly toxic to aquatic life.

Is nonylphenol banned?

Nonylphenol ethoxylates to be banned in imported clothing and textiles. The European Union’s REACH Chemicals Committee has voted unanimously to implement a ban on imported textiles and clothing containing nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPEs) above a maximum permitted level of 0.01 % m/m.

Is Isononyl an alcohol?

Isononyl Alcohol is characterized as a primary alcohol, and is a mixture of isomers of different branched structures with both odd and even numbered carbon chains ranging from C8 to C10 predominantly C9. It is a liquid used as an intermediate for making a variety of other chemicals which are used in many applications.

What is Isononyl Isononanoate?

Isononyl isononanoate is a synthetic ingredient used in cosmetics and skincare products to improve the texture and feel of a formulation. Isononyl isononanoate is used mainly as an emollient, texture enhancer, and plasticizer.

What products contain nonylphenol ethoxylate?

Commonly used in:

  • Household paints, colorants and wood finishes.
  • Clothing and textiles.
  • Paint and stain removers.
  • Surface and drain cleaners.
  • Indoor pesticides.
  • Food packaging (contains related chemicals)
  • Footwear, toys and games (contains 4-nonylphenol)

How can nonylphenol be prevented?

Consumers can avoid products with NP/NPEs by looking for products with EPA’s Safer Choice Label on the shelves of major retailers.

Why are nonylphenol ethoxylates bad?

Nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPE) are chemicals that help liquid substances such as oil and water mix. These chemicals can mimic the hormone estrogen to cause early menstruation, low sperm counts, and poor reproductive health. …

What are ethoxylated alcohols?

Ethoxylated alcohols are the largest family of nonionic surfactants. They are highly useful in applications that serve multiple markets. Each consists of a hydrophobic group from oleochemical or petrochemical source combined with varying amount of ethylene oxide.

Which is the best definition of nonyl alcohol?

Definition of nonyl alcohol. : any of several alcohols C9H19OH derived from the nonanes; especially : primary or 1-nonanol.

What kind of applications can nonylphenol be used for?

Applications. Nonylphenol is used in manufacturing antioxidants, lubricating oil additives, laundry and dish detergents, emulsifiers, and solubilizers. It can also be used to produce tris(4-nonyl-phenyl) phosphite (TNPP), which is an antioxidant used to protect polymers, such as rubber, Vinyl polymers, polyolefins,…

Where are nonylphenol ethoxylates used outside of Europe?

Nonylphenol and nonylphenol ethoxylates are only used as components of household detergents outside of Europe. Nonyl Phenol, is used in many epoxy formulations mainly in North America. Nonylphenol persists in aquatic environments and is moderately bioaccumulative.

Why are nonylphenols soluble in water but soluble in alcohol?

The nonylphenols are moderately soluble in water but soluble in alcohol. Nonylphenol arises from the environmental degradation of nonylphenol ethoxylates, which are the metabolites of commercial detergents called alkylphenol ethoxylates.

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