Table of Contents
Is there water in nucleotides?
Nucleotides are joined together similarly to other biological molecules, by a condensation reaction that releases a small, stable molecule. Unlike proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids, however, the molecule that is released is not water but pyrophosphate (two phosphate groups bound together).
What is A nucleotide made of?
A molecule consisting of a nitrogen-containing base (adenine, guanine, thymine, or cytosine in DNA; adenine, guanine, uracil, or cytosine in RNA), a phosphate group, and a sugar (deoxyribose in DNA; ribose in RNA).
Are nucleotides insoluble?
The building blocks of the hereditary substances DNA and RNA are nucleotides composed of pyrimidine or purine ring, pentose sugar and a phosphate group. The individual nucleotides are highly water soluble compared to nucleosides that have lesser water solubility.
Is a nucleotide likely to be hydrophilic or hydrophobic?
To reduce their interactions with water, the interactions between hydrophobic surfaces and water need to be minimized. At the same time, each nucleotide has two very hydrophilic groups: a negatively charged phosphate and a sugar (carbohydrate) group. Both form H-bonds and will interact strongly with water.
Are nucleotides polymers or monomers?
The monomer units of DNA are nucleotides, and the polymer is known as a “polynucleotide.” Each nucleotide consists of a 5-carbon sugar (deoxyribose), a nitrogen containing base attached to the sugar, and a phosphate group.
Are nucleotides hydrophilic or hydrophobic?
Are nucleic acids Liquid?
Nucleic Acid Liquids and Liquid Crystals Nucleic acid liquids can be prepared by the complexation of an oligonucleotide with a cationic surfactant.
Is nucleotide A polymer?
Nucleotide RNA and DNA are polymers made of long chains of nucleotides. A nucleotide consists of a sugar molecule (either ribose in RNA or deoxyribose in DNA) attached to a phosphate group and a nitrogen-containing base.