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How many Greek city-states fought the Persians?
The expedition of Xerxes (480–479 bce) The Greeks therefore had ample time to make preparations. The problem of uniting those states that had the will to resist Persia, about 30 in number, was solved by Sparta, which held a congress of delegates and formed a general alliance.
Who did Greece fight in the Persian War?
Persian Wars, or Greco-Persian Wars, (492–449 bc) Series of wars between Greek states and Persia, particularly two invasions of Greece by Persia (490, 480–479). When Darius I came to power in Persia in 522, the Ionian Greek city-states in Anatolia were under Persian control.
Was Athens involved in the Persian War?
The Persian Wars began in 499 BCE, when Greeks in the Persian-controlled territory rose in the Ionian Revolt. Athens, and other Greek cities, sent aid, but were quickly forced to back down after defeat in 494 BCE. Subsequently, the Persians suffered many defeats at the hands of the Greeks, led by the Athenians.
What Greek city state alliance and Athens fought in the Persian Wars?
The Delian League
The Delian League, founded in 478 BC, was an association of Greek city-states, with the number of members numbering between 150 and 330 under the leadership of Athens, whose purpose was to continue fighting the Persian Empire after the Greek victory in the Battle of Plataea at the end of the Second Persian invasion of …
Where did the Greeks fight in the Persian Wars?
The Greeks were made up of a number of city-states such as Sparta and Athens. Typically these city-states fought each other, but they united to fight against the Persians. The Ionians were Greeks that lived along the coast of Turkey.
Where did Thebes join Persia in the Persian Wars?
Thebes, a city-state north of Athens, joins Persia against fellow Greeks, including its long-time enemy, Athens. Panic set in at Athens, the Athenians sent a messenger to the Oracle of Delphi at the temple of Apollo to ask her for advice.
What was the largest battle of the Persian Wars?
At Plataea, the largest battle of the war, 100,000 Persians were defeated by 40,000 Greeks, including Athenian and Spartan hoplites. Mardonius lost his life on the battlefield, what remained of the Persian army limped home. The Persian Wars gave the Greeks a new feeling of confidence.
How many Persians were killed in the Battle of Athens?
The army of Athens routed the Persian army killing around 6,000 Persians and only losing 192 Greeks. After the battle, the Athenian army ran the 25 miles back to Athens in order to prevent the Persians from attacking the city. This is the origin of the Marathon running race. Second Invasion of Greece