Table of Contents
Does the NUM still exist?
The National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) is a trade union for coal miners in Great Britain, formed in 1945 from the Miners’ Federation of Great Britain (MFGB). After the 1984–85 strike, and the subsequent closure of most of Britain’s coal mines, it became a much smaller union.
What is a mine worker called?
A miner is a person who extracts ore, coal, chalk, clay, or other minerals from the earth through mining. In a broader sense, a “miner” is anyone working within a mine, not just a worker at the rock face.
What is a miners light called?
Miner’s Safety Lamp The “safety” mining lamp was a tremendous step forward in preventing mining disasters. Encasing the flame in metal gauze prevented the flame from escaping the lamp and igniting the combustible gases (called firedamp), as would happen with the open flames of carbide or oil-wick lamps.
Who do miners report to?
Hazardous Conditions You do not need to identify yourself when reporting a hazardous condition! Miners, their representatives, and members of the general public may call the MSHA emergency line to report a hazardous condition at a mine, an impoundment, or an abandoned mine.
How many members does NUM have?
The National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) is a trade union in South Africa. With a membership of 300,000 it is the largest affiliate of the Congress of South African Trade Unions.
What did the NUM 1984 strike aim to do?
The miners’ strike of 1984–1985 was a major industrial action to shut down the British coal industry in an attempt to prevent colliery closures. It was led by Arthur Scargill of the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) against the National Coal Board (NCB), a government agency.
Is miner and minor?
A miner is a person who makes a living digging coal, salt, gold, minerals, or other natural resources out of the earth. Don’t confuse miner with minor (note the “o”). Minor refers to musical intervals, small or trivial things, and people under age 18.
What is the head of a mine called?
Headframe – The structure surmounting the shaft which supports the hoist rope pulley, and often the hoist itself. Heading – A vein above a drift. An interior level or airway driven in a mine.
What is a Shadowgee?
Grandfather said, “It’s called a shadowgee, this is what the miners used in mining camps before flashlights. Grandfather used his shadowgee to find our two-holer outhouse at night.
Is the Davy lamp still used today?
Until 1815, open candles were used and ignited frequent methane explosions. Sir Humphry Davy’s invention is thought to have saved as many as 500,000 lives worldwide and is still in use today.
What rights do miners have?
Your Rights Under the Act You have the right to request that MSHA inspect your mine when you believe that an imminent danger, a violation of the Act, or a violation of a safety or health standard exists. You also have the right to be informed of, and participate in, enforcement proceedings under the Act.
What are the responsibilities of miners?
Underground production and development miners drill, blast, operate mining machinery and perform related duties to extract coal and ore in underground mines and construct mine tunnels, passageways and shafts to facilitate mining operations.
What was the role of the police during the miners strike?
Through no fault of their own the Police Service, both nationally and locally, were cast in the role of mediator, adjudicator, referee or call it what you like, in a situation where the two sides were absolutely diametrically opposed with the word compromise being completely erased from their vocabulary.
How was mutual aid used during the Miners’Strike?
Although many miners had a strong impression that mutual aid was used extensively, those from policing advised us that its use was minimal and often initially requested and then cancelled before reaching the picket lines. More commonly, what did happen was that officers from other areas within the local force were deployed.
When did the miners strike end in the UK?
On March 3, 1985, Scargill and the NUM voted to end the strike after 362 days. Brass bands, parades and colorful flags accompanied many of the miners back to work, as they put a brave face on defeat.
What was the role of the police during the Gold Rush?
With numerous police-magistrates and various commissions, the control of the police was not under a centralised authority pre- 1852. At the beginning of the gold rushes in Victoria, there was a call from some of the successful diggers for police to escort them and their gold to the safety of Melbourne.